Societal growth and development, while advantageous to societies
in many ways, are not unmixed blessings. They create new problems
and these often lead to changes that many members of society would prefer
not to make--changes in beliefs and values, changes in patterns of social
organization, changes in institutional arrangements. Among preliterate
societies, for example, technological advance often leads to population
growth, and population growth necessitates changes in social organization.
Such societies must choose either to split up into smaller independent
groups in order to preserve their traditional kin-based system of governance,
or to remain united but adopt a more authoritarian political system that
is dominated by a small elite minority (1991, p. 61-62).