Among the several elements of social and cultural structures,
two are of immediate importance. These are analytically separable
although they merge in concrete situations. The first consists of
culturally defined goals, purposes and interests, held out as legitimate
objectives for all or for diversely located members of the society.
The goals are more or less integrated—the degree is a question of empirical
fact—and roughly ordered in some hierarchy of value. Involving various
degrees of sentiment and significance, the prevailing goals comprise a
frame of aspirational reference. They are the things “worth striving
for” (1968, pp. 186-187).