This adaptation [Rebellion] leads
men outside the environing soical structure to envisage and seek to bring
into being a new, that is to say, a greatly modified social structure.
It presupposes alienation from reigning goals and standards. These
come to be regarded as purely arbitrary. And the arbitrary is precisely
that which can neither exact allegiance nor possess legitimacy, for it
might as well be otherwise. In our society, organized movements for
rebellion apparently aim to introduce a social structure in which the cultural
standards of success would be sharply modified and provision would be made
for a closer correspondence between merit, effort and reward (1968, p.