A high frequency of deviant behavior is not generated merely
by lack of opportunity or by this exaggerated pecuniary emphasis.
A comparatively rigidified class structure, a caste order, may limit opportunities
far beyond the point which obtains in American society today. It
is when a system of cultural values extols, virtually above all else, certain
common success-goals for the population at large while the structure rigorously
restricts or completely closes access to approved modes of reaching these
goals for a considerable part of the same population, that deviant behavior
ensues on a large scale (1968, p. 200).