The second problem (arising from the easy confusion of motives
and functions) requires us to introduce a conceptual distinction between
the cases in which the subjective aim-in-view coincides with the objective
consequences, and the cases in which they diverge.
Manifest functions are those objective consequences contributing to
the adjustment or adaptation of the system which are intended and recognized
by participants in the system;
Latent functions, correlatively, being those which are neither intended
nor recognized (1968, p. 105).