"Intellectuals deal with ideas--with
recollections of the past, definitions of the present, and images of possible
futures. By intellectuals I mean scientists and artists, ministers and
scholars; I mean those who represent the human intellect; those who are
part of the great discourse of reason and inquiry, of sensibility and imagination
that in the West began in Jerusalem and Athens and Rome, and that has been
going on intermittently ever since. They are the organized memory of mankind,
and such cultural apparatus as it has they create and they maintain. If
they write, paint, speak, if they create and distribute images and ideas,
their work is publicly relevant. In so far as it is attended to, it focuses
the views of men; and it distracts attention from that which it ignores.
It justifies ideas of authority or it criticizes them" (The
Causes of World War III, 1958, p. 129).