"Such democratic formations are not now ascendant in the power structure of the United States, and accordingly the men of decision are not men selected and formed by careers within such associations and by their performances before such publics. Accordingly, publics that do discuss issues have at most only a faint and restraining voice in the making of history, and so in the making of war or peace. To pretend that this is not so is to lose the chance to understand what is happening and why it is happening. Every step to gain these formations, these six conditions of democracy, inside the U.S. is a step toward breaking the grip of the power elite that is now set toward World War III, and a step toward making possible alternative definitions of reality and alternative policies for action" (The Causes of World War III, 1958, p. 123).