"Under the system of explicit
authority, in the round, solid nineteenth century, the victim knew he was
being victimized, the misery and discontent of the powerless were explicit.
In the amorphous twentieth-century world, where manipulation replaces authority,
the victim does not recognize his status. The formal aim, implemented by
the latest psychological equipment, is to have men internalize what the
managerial cadres would have them do, without their knowing their own motives,
but nevertheless having them. Many whips are inside men, who do not know
how they got there, or indeed that they are there" (White
Collar: The American Middle Classes, 1951, p. 110).