"The managerial demiurge has come to contain three trends which increasingly give it meaning and shape. As it spreads (I), its higher functions, as well as those lower in the hierarchy, are rationalized; as this occurs (II), the enterprise and the bureau become fetishes, and (III), the forms of power that are wielded all up and down the line, shift from explicit authority to manipulation"  (White Collar: The American Middle Classes, 1951, p. 106).