"Classic social science, in brief, neither 'builds up' from microscopic study nor 'deduces down' from conceptual elaboration.  Its practitioners try to build and to deduce at the same time, in the same process of study, and to do so by means of adequate formulation and re-formulation of problems and their adequate solutions"  (The Sociological Imagination, 1959, p. 128).

"The classic focus, in short, is on substantive problems.  The character of these problems limits and suggests the methods and the conceptions that are used and how they are used.  Controversy over different views of 'methodology' and 'theory' is properly carried on in close and continuous relation with substantive problems"  (The Sociological Imagination, 1959, p. 128).