But I find it hard to reconcile Bierstedt's appraisal of Weber's monograph [The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism] with the rhetoric that would banish theories of the middle range as sickly and pale and singularly unambitious.  For surely this monograph is a prime example of theorizing in the middle range; it deals with a severely delimited problem--one that happens to be exemplified in a particular historical epoch with implications for other societies and other times; it employs a limited theory about the ways in which religious commitment and economic behavior are connected; and it contributes to a somewhat more general theory of the modes of interdependence between social institutions (1968, p. 63).

Second, Bierstedt seems to assume that middle-range theory completely excludes macrosociological inquiry in which a particular theory generates specific hypotheses to be examined in the light of systematically assembled data.  As we have seen, this assumption is unfounded.  Indeed, the main work in comparative macrosociology today is based largely on specific and delimited theories of the interrelations between the components of social structure that can be subjected to systematic empirical test using the same logic and much the same kinds of indicators as those employed in microsociological research (1968, p. 64).