In contrast to such anarchistic doctrines, functional analysis conceives of the social structure as active, as producing fresh motivations which cannot be predicted on the basis of knowledge about man's native drives.  If the social structure restrains some dispositions to act, it creates others.   The functional approach therefore abandons the position, held by various individualistic theories, that different rates of deviant behavior in diverse groups and social strata are the accidental result of varying proportions of pathological personalities found in these groups and strata.  It attempts instead to determine how the social and cultural structure generates pressure for socially deviant behavior upon people variously located in that structure (1968, pp. 175-176).