This adaptation [Rebellion] leads men outside the environing soical structure to envisage and seek to bring into being a new, that is to say, a greatly modified social structure.  It presupposes alienation from reigning goals and standards.  These come to be regarded as purely arbitrary.  And the arbitrary is precisely that which can neither exact allegiance nor possess legitimacy, for it might as well be otherwise.  In our society, organized movements for rebellion apparently aim to introduce a social structure in which the cultural standards of success would be sharply modified and provision would be made for a closer correspondence between merit, effort and reward (1968, p. 209).