The cause of this soldiering he breaks into two parts: “This loafing
or soldieringproceeds from two causes. First, from the natural instinct
and tendency of men to take it easy, which may be called natural soldiering.
Second, from more intricate second thought and reasoning caused by their
relations with other men, which may be called systematic soldiering.” The
firs of these he quickly puts aside, to concentrate on the second: “The
natural laziness of men is serious, but by far the greatest evil from which
both workmen and employers are suffering is the systematic soldiering which
is almost universal undera all ordinaty schemes of management and which
results from a careful study on the part of the workmen of what they think
will promote their interests” (67-68).