Since, with the development of technology and the application to it
of the fundamental sciences, the labor processes of society have come to
embody a greater amount of scientific knowledge, clearly the "average"
scientific, technical, and in the that sense "skill" content of these labor
processes is much greater now than in the past. But this is nothing
but a tautology. The question is precisely whether the scientific
and "educated" content of labor tends toward averaging, or, on the contrary,
toward polarization. If the latter is the case, to then to say that
the "average" skill has been raised is to adopt the logic of the statistician
who, with one foot in the fire and the other in ice water, will tell you
that "on the average," he is perfectly comfortable (294).