It thereby comes to pass that while population is packed ever more closely together in the urban environment, the atomization of social life proceeds apace. In its most fundamental aspect, this often noticed phenomenon can be explained only by the development of market relations as the substitute for individual and community relations.  The social structure, build upon the market, is such that relations between individuals and social groups do not take place directly, as in cooperative human encounters, but through the market as relations of purchase and sale (192).

The function of the family as a cooperative enterprise pursuing the joint production of a way of life is brought to an end, and with this its other functions are progressively weakened (192).