Computer Chip Implants
Friend or Foe
Digital Angel and Verichip
For Emerging Technologies
Professor Cliff Layton
With the world constantly changing new technologies are on the rise. One of those technologies is that of computer chips and tracking software. The technology of computer chips that can be implanted within a living organism is one of the newest concepts today. There are distinct advantages with the ability to track people using those computer chips as well as some disadvantages of having this technology. This is a new application of a technology that has existed, grown, and changed for many years.
Computer chips were first developed in 1958. Chips are built out of semiconducting materials. A semiconductor is a material that is neither a good conductor of electricity nor a good insulator. The most common semiconductor material used in making computer chips is the element silicon. To make a computer chip, manufacturers start with a single crystal of pure silicon, which they slice into thin wafers. The silicon wafer is then coated with a light-sensitive coating. A template with the patterns of chip components on it is projected onto the wafer with intense ultraviolet light. The parts of the chip that are exposed to the light are then etched with gases and showered with ions to create transistors. An Integrated Circuit is a tiny electronic circuit used to perform a specific electronic function it is usually combined with other components to form a more complex system. Hundreds of these integrated circuits can be arrayed on a silicon wafer 8 to 15 cm in diameter. There have been many changes in electronic equipment due to the increased functional capability and reliability combined with great reductions in size, physical complexity, and power consumption. The chips have gotten extremely small now, and science is getting where it can now place these inside of people. 
Digital Solutions (ADS) received patent rights to Digital Angel technology on
The microchip sends and receives data and can be continuously tracked by Global Positioning Satellite technology. This chip when implanted within a body is powered electromechanically through the movement of muscles, and it can be activated either by the person with the implant or by a monitoring facility. It can be used to provide identification, animal tracking, medical conditions, or tracking of lost or missing individuals. A few people have all ready been fitted with the devices at least 45 millionaires have been fitted with the chips in secret.
The first of these chips were made for animal tracking. The devices were implanted within cattle to help ranchers track them efficiently. Other companies have experimented and have patents on the implantation of other devices within personal pets such as dogs and cats. These animals would then be tracked by satellite technology.
Satellites are objects placed purposely in orbit around the earth or other stellar bodies. There are many different types of satellites. There are different satellites from ones used for weather, to navigation, broadcasting, and for use in spying or tracking. Since the launching of the first artificial satellite in 1957, thousands of these have been sent into space to orbit the earth. Satellites are used in the communications industry, in military intelligence, and in the scientific study of both the earth and outer space.
Satellites have revolutionized communication by making worldwide information links and live broadcasts common occurrences. A satellite receives a microwave signal from a ground station on the earth called an uplink it then amplifies and retransmits the signal back to a receiving station or stations on earth at a different frequency called the downlink. A communication satellite is in geosynchronous orbit, which means it orbits at the same speed as the earth is revolving. The satellite then stays in the same position relative to the surface of the earth, so that the broadcasting station will never lose contact with the receiver.
Solutions announced the VeriChip a miniaturized, implantable identification
One of the first
people to experiment with a similar chip is Professor Kevin Warwick of the
Some of the uses of chip could also be used for medical. Hundreds of thousands of medical devices are surgically implanted into patients every year. Examples of these life-saving and life-enhancing devices include pacemakers, artificial joints, orthopedic hardware, heart valves, and medication pumps. After placing one of these devices into a patient they often require adjustment, repair, replacement, or recall. The VeriChip, inserted below the skin just above the implanted medical device, provides patients, medical providers, and manufacturers with a rapid, secure and non-invasive method for obtaining medically critical information. The VeriChip can be a source of data about the patient's name and condition as well as the medical device's original components, settings, and essential parameters. It may be possible to include full medical record archives of the patient for medical care.
Another chip that is very important it the Digital Angel Chip. It is probably the largest opposed chip. Digital Angel represents the first-ever combination of advanced biosensor technology and Web-enabled wireless telecommunications linked to Global Positioning Systems. The chip by utilizing advanced biosensor capabilities will be able to monitor key body functions and transmit that data anywhere in the world while giving out accurate location information to a ground station or monitoring facility. The Digital Angel Corporation will merger with Medical Advisory Systems which is a corporation that holds medical information for patients.
Also, the Digital Angel will be powered by a unit called Thermo Life(TM). It is a proprietary, thermoelectric generator powered by body heat. The Thermo Life is part of the device that is intended to provide a miniaturized power source for a wide range of consumer electronic devices, including attachable or implantable medical devices. The Company a wholly owned subsidiary called Advanced Power Solutions, Inc. (APSI) estimates that the potential marketplace for Thermo Life exceeds $30 billion.
Of note, the recommended spot of placement for an implantation chip when not grouped with other devices is within the hand. Part of the reason is for example the use of new ATM machines that could read a persons information off of their hand instead of with a card. It has been said that the country is going more towards a cashless society and this could help make a difference in that field.
People have been interested in ways of tracking individuals for a while now. Law enforcement and many citizens would like the ability to track and know the whereabouts of felons and sex offenders. Implant technology could be used to track them as well so that one would know where they were at any given time. One example of this is that of for lost children. Technology aids law enforcement during the most critical time in the search for a missing child. The first few hours immediately following a child’s disappearance are said to be the most important. The longer that a child is missing, the less likely that the child will be recovered safely. Some techniques such as distributing a child’s picture rapidly can make the difference in recovering a child quickly or prolonging the search. 
Many parents have are concerned with their ability to find their children if they are lost or abducted. Many cities now offer free fingerprinting for children so that parents are able to
identify their children if they are gone for a long period of time. Also recommended is some of these biometric technologies which can identify individuals by their unique biological or physical characteristics, such as fingerprints, voiceprints, retina characteristics, and face recognition points. This allows for a child to be recognized months or years later. Even with those technologies most parents want ways to find their children faster. A parent can currently purchase a pager, watch, or other electronic device and have a computer chip inside it that can be used to track the child anywhere in the world. This leads to implanting chips within children and adult for tracking purposes. Also, the Verichip can be used for emergency or security identification. The VeriChip relies on imbedded, tamper-proof, microchip technology, which allows for non-invasive access to identification, medical and other critical data. Using the VeriChip technology can reduce the threat of theft, loss, duplication or counterfeiting of data. It has the ability of being used in several areas to enhance present forms of identification, search and rescue, and various law enforcement and defense uses.
of adults especially of terrorists after the 911 attack has become an important
issue. A spokesman for Applied Digital Systems was quoted as saying, “We’ve
changed our thinking since September 11, now there’s more of a need to monitor
evil activities.” Many of the terrorists who were involved in the attack were
in the country illegally. On this basis President George W. Bush on
Along with all of
these concerns for individuals entering the
" . . . and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: and that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Revelation 13:15-17” 
The technology for implanting computer chips within humans and for using it for tracking is a remarkable technology. The technology can be used from the use of helping to identify individuals, to global tracking, to ATM transactions, to the monitoring of medical equipment within individuals. Many companies are working to improve this technology and make it implantable within humans. It has the potential to be very useful it also has the potential to be dangerous. With the new technology it will probably just a few more years before it is common to have chips implanted and used within individuals.
 All rights "Chip," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation reserved.
 "Integrated Circuit," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
 "Satellite, Artificial," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
 "Satellite Relay System," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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